Just like a game of chess art has its own rules that we call styles. And each style was influenced that political and social aspects of the artist’s life. What the artists paint is basically how they applied those rules in their own game. It is interesting to be guessing what they where inspired for, what are the materials they have used, or what were they thinking while doing their art. And when something about their work touches you, reminds you of a memory, brings you joy or makes you think of something about life, that is when you should buy it.
After the 20 century most of the art styles are based on abstracted, intuitive concepts.
It is common to hear people saying “my nephew can draw like that” when in front of some abstract art. Even though it is just a style and artists can design in other formats, it is a matter of context. By bringing art to the minimum bases as shapes, lines and colours the artist express their own feelings and thoughts in an intuitive way. Therefore, it is not just paint on the canvas. They try new textures, new lights, new shapes, new colours. Most of the time artists are experimenting things and put on the canvas what they feel like painting to express their sentiments.
Those are some of the style artists use basically for the contemporary art but there are many more than that. But here we go:
Realism – As the name says, in this style the artists tries to approach the art to the reality. You will see how the used of colours, shadows and drawing to try to make things seem as natural as possible. Observe the details.
Modernism – Everything that is modern tries to break with past rules. That is what this style is about. If you try to see how the artist from the 1870 to 1920 tried to avoid the patters in all kinds of artistic expression you will understand what they were trying to say. It is also in this period that we have more space for women working as artists and that was a huge break with the system.
Impressionism – For these artists the painting was and is a study of light. They wanted to explore it and all the nuances of the colour on the landscape to express how sublime it could be.
Expressionism – In this particular style artists are supposed to express reality with the nuances of their own feelings. It is wonderful to try to understand how the artist feels based on their work.
Abstract – Abstract represents the feeling and thought of the break with all kinds of patterns, means freedom by the way. We have many branches classified by geometric or non-abstract by in all terms it means freedom of thought, intuition and expression.
Cubism – It is one of the geometric types of abstract art based on the fact that everything that exists can be represented by geometric shapes. It is really interesting to see what artists find out when comparing things.
Surrealism – Nothing is what it seems. They try to confuse your senses by bringing objects with different shapes that are not what you thought they were going to be on the first place, definitely a game worth playing.
Pop – Not a trick one to recognise, you can identify a pop art easily with all the cartoons and eccentric colours right away. It is manly used for designer nowadays, but the concept is interesting. Besides the fact that it is one of the best ones for decorative purposes for being, young, cool, colourful and represents the art for the everyone, considered more accessible. We can’t ignore this quality. How tricky this is is something for another discussion 😊
Hope this small introduction helped you to understand a little bit more about art. If you have any question and comments leave in below and I will get back to you.
Cultural Producer, Art Curator and Co-funder of Artmulti Brazil